A purchase order (PO) is a commercial document issued by a buyer to a seller, indicating the types, quantities, and agreed prices for products or services that the buyer wishes to purchase. It serves as a legally binding agreement between the buyer and seller, outlining the terms and conditions of the transaction.
Typically, a purchase order includes the following information:
Buyer and seller details: The names, addresses, and contact information of both the buyer (the purchaser) and the seller (the supplier).
Purchase order number: A unique identifier assigned to the purchase order for tracking and reference purposes.
Item description: A detailed description of the products or services being purchased, including specifications, quantities, sizes, and any other relevant details.
Unit price and total price: The agreed-upon price per unit for each item, along with the total price for each line item and the overall order.
Delivery/shipping information: The requested delivery date, shipping address, and any specific instructions regarding packaging or handling.
Payment terms: The agreed-upon payment method, payment due date, and any applicable discounts or penalties for early or late payment.
Terms and conditions: Any additional terms, conditions, or contractual agreements related to the purchase, such as warranties, returns, or liability clauses.
Signatures and authorization: The signature or electronic approval of the authorized representatives from both the buyer and seller, indicating their agreement to the terms stated in the purchase order.
Once the seller receives the purchase order, they can review the details, confirm availability, and acknowledge the order by providing an order confirmation or invoice. The purchase order helps streamline the procurement process, provides documentation for accounting purposes, and helps prevent misunderstandings or disputes between the buyer and seller.